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Some English as a Second Language students demand to learn how to pronounce every word "perfectly," but it is extremely difficult if not impossible. They are frustrated because no matter how much they practice their pronunciation, they feel they don’t sound natural. The ironic thing is, Americans don't even use perfect pronunciation anyway. One reason is because they usually link words together when they talk. If students want to speak every word perfectly, every word will be pronounced in isolation and not in relation to the other words in the sentence, so they will be losing out on the rhythm. Nevertheless, there are many different types of linking; today, we are just going to focus on one type—BLENDING.

Blending occurs when a final consonant sound of a word connects to a beginning vowel sound of a subsequent word. Read the first sentence by trying to pronounce every word perfectly with pauses between every word. This will sound extremely unnatural.

          Sentence: Pick up your clothes in your room.

Now, try to blend or link the indicated words together. This practice results in a completely different rhythm.

          Sentence with underlined links:  Pick up your clothes in your room.

          Pronunciation:   PI CUP your CLO THSIN your room.



     Try saying the following linked sentences:

I don’t need another piece of cake. = I don’t NEE DAnother PIE SOF cake.

They haven’t tried organic food. = They haven’t TRIE DORganic food.

Sometimes I take care of my pets at home. = SomeTIME SI take CA ROF my PET SAT home.



So, how can you study this? Use any text, assignment, project, etc. that your professor gives you. Link the final consonant sound in the first word to the first vowel sound in the second word with links, or underlines. IF THE SECOND WORD BEGINS WITH A CONSONANT SOUND, DO NOT LINK!

Or, listen to a TED talk online. Google search "Ted talks" and choose a topic you like. Play the clip for a moment to make sure the accent is an American English speaker. Click on "Transcript" below the video on the right print it out or cut and paste it. Link words together by connecting them with lines as you hear, or as you anticipate. Replay and practice saying these words out loud.

You will learn more about linking next week on “Monday Mouthfuls,” with Kelly Flemming.

Iambically Speaking


Most English speakers speak in iambs—a rhythmic pattern that sounds like a heartbeat—unstressed syllable/stressed syllable. One way to hear this is to say the following out loud: dead ANT dead ANT or lub DUB lub DUB with the emphasis on the capitalized words. When you emphasize or stress a syllable, your voice is higher in pitch and the syllable is longer.


Not every phrase will work this way; emphasis varies for many reasons. Shakespeare, who was famous for using iambic pentameter (5 iambs per line), sometimes cheated by using contractions, punctuation or other meter to emphasize his main points. Take a look at his most famous speech in Hamlet:


To BE or NOT to BE—that IS the QUEStion.

WHEther ‘tis NObler in MIND to SUFfer

the SLINGS and ARrows of outRAGEous FORtune

or to take ARMS aGAINST a SEA of TROUbles and

by opPOSing END them. To DIE-  to SLEEP-

No MORE...(III. i. 57-62).


To practice speaking in iambs, say the following, with the emphasis on the second syllable (or word):



It’s TIME to TAKE a NAP.


They NEED to STUdy MORE on TUESday.

His BEST friend DOESn’t LIVE here ANyMORE.


Learning to listen to and speak in iambic patterns help non-native English speakers sound more natural. Listen to Americans talk on their cell phones or share gossip at lunch. Mimic what you hear, but don’t let them hear you! You can also do this while you are watching a tv show, movie or video clip. Or, listen to and read the lyrics of a song you like in English. Maybe you’ll get a hang of the rhythm!


Tune in for Linking on the next Monday Mouthfuls, a new blog on Pronunciation.

Final Exams are just a few days away.  Before you know it, you will be sitting in that chair and the instructor will be passing out the final exam that you have been studying so hard for.  It is normal for you to feel some anxiety as you sit down to take your final.  Even if you know you are prepared, it is hard not to worry about how you will perform on the test.

Here are seven things you can do at Test Time

1. Relax, take a deep breath. Know it will be over in two hours.

2. Write down the formulas you know on the back of the test. This is called “brain dumping”.  This will help you focus on the problems.

3. Look through the test. Start with the ones that look to be the easiest.  I call this banking your points.  There is no rule that says you have to start with #1.

4. Determine how long you have on each problem.  Count the problems and divide by 120 minutes.

5. If you get stuck move on. Come back to it.  Chances are another problem will help you figure out what you need.

6. Don’t second guess your answer. Many times students change their right answer to a wrong one.

7. If you have time, go back and check your work.

As you start to study, you need to make sure you are aware of your instructor’s expectations of you and what material will be on the final exam.  Some students will cram the day before their exam.  However, studying for shorter periods over a few extra days will pay off.  Most four credit math classes have three exams before the final exam.  If not, adjust the schedule below to fit the number of exams you took. Professors suggest that you study approximately 2 hours a day.


Day One:

Review Exam #3.  Correct all errors on the exam.  Here are some things that will help:

  • Review similar examples from the lecture notes and homework.
  • Make an appointment with Gina Moran or your math professor.
  • Cover up the answers and try to take the entire exam again.  At first, don’t use your notes.  If you are not comfortable with your results, then look for similar problems from homework, lecture notes, or the book.


Day Two:

Repeat the steps above, but now with Exam #2.  In addition, practice the problems from Exam #3 that you struggled the most with.


Day Three:

Repeat the steps above, but now with Exam #1.  In addition, practice the problems from previous exams that need more attention.


Day Four:

Write a practice exam by using problems from all your exams, lecture notes, homework, or other items the instructor might have given you, but make sure you have accurate solutions. Take your test without using any notes and then compare with your solutions.


Day Five:

For the remaining days before the final, reflect on what you have learned in the class as you practice, practice, and practice.  But remember, eat well and get good sleep the night before the exam!!!


Good luck on your final exams.

Gina Moran

ESL Math Coordinator, ESL Department

Adjunct Assistant Professor, Mathematics Department

Finals week can be a scary time for college students, but have no fear. With the right preparation and study habits, you'll master those exams and finish your classes with high grades. Here's a great article on important tips to help you ace those finals week exams.


25 crucial study tips for finals week | USA TODAY College


Also, please feel free to visit the German Academy building (Suite 112) to meet with the Academic Transitions Team. I, Mark Fischer, and Gina Moran would love to help you with English writing, speaking, reading, and listening. Math assistance is also provided. In addition to that, we can offer advice on studying more effectively for your final exams.


You can also email me to schedule an appointment at clineiv@msoe.edu. I look forward to helping you be a success here at MSOE!

If you have ANY questions or difficulties with the English language or adjusting to cultural life in America, we can help you.


As we enter into week 10, final essays and projects become due and final exams are right around the corner. The Academic Transitions Team here in the ESL Department is here to remind you that you are not alone.


If you want someone check over that essay one more time so you can get the best grade possible, come see us. If you need tips for the best way to study, we can teach you those skills to help you remember material and do better on those exams.


Below are just a few of the ways we can help you. Be sure to check back often this week as we will be writing additional posts on specific study tips and opportunities.


If you would like to meet with us, please e-mail fischerm@msoe.edu or stop by GA suite 112F.


We can help you:


  • Check your essays and assignments so you can communicate ideas more clearly.
  • Increase your understanding grammar and know when to use specific grammar points.
  • Increase your understanding of plagiarism and cultural expectations.
  • Develop your writing process and increase your writing speed.


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  • Create and practice class presentations.
  • Improve pronunciation, intonation, and accent reduction.
  • Increase class discussion participation, leadership skills, and confidence.
  • Understand idioms, slang, and cultural speech.



  • Improve skills and strategies for learning new vocabulary.
  • Understand cultural background in course material.
  • Understand testing instructions, course assignments, and homework expectations.
  • Increase reading speed, comprehension, and critical thinking.



  • Improve note-taking organization and speed.
  • Understand lectures and lecture structure.
  • Predict topics the professor will cover.


   ESL Related Math:

  • Understanding symbols and formulas as well as connecting them to methods in your language.
  • Understand terminology and be able to use it in conversations and explanations.
  • Practice a variety of problems to help understand how and why the methods are practiced and used.


   Test Taking:

  • Develop study strategies for all types of tests.
  • Develop test taking strategies in order to understand and answer test questions effectively and more quickly.
  • Assist in providing testing accommodations for students in need.


   And Much More!

  1. Write One Inch at a Time
    Divide your work in little chunks and schedule time to complete it
  2. Finish Your First Draft
    Before you ask for help or advice on anything: make sure you understand the task at hand and write your first draft! 
  3. Get Over It
    So, you are not a professional writer. That is ok!  No one is expecting you to be perfect but yourself. Stop being so self-critic and just do your best!
  4. Simplify
    Revise your writing.  Add clarity and take any overly descriptive and redundant statements.
  5. Murder Your Darlings
    Do not over complicate what you have to say.  Be simple.  Be direct.
  6. Lead With Your Best
    Give me your best idea at the beginning… help me see what your strongest argument is really all about.
  7. Write With Authority
    Research it.  Learn it. Own it!
  8. Stand Out as a Real Person
    Use your own voice and let it come through your writing!  When I read your paper it should sound just like you.
  9. Remember to Play
    Remember to enjoy your writing process by finding something that you like about it… having a bit of fun with it will take you a long way!
  10. Show Up for Work
    Schedule your time and just write! Get it done!


Pros on Prose: The Best Advice on Writing

Ten Authors Recall the Best Writing Advice They Ever Received


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Test Your English & Math Skills Weekly!

Win Gift Cards or Movie Tickets!

Visit the German Academy Building (Suite 112) for

The Word of the Week


The Math Problem of the Week

(This contest is for international undergraduate students only.

For more information open the attached document.)

Good luck!

If you like Robotics and have nothing to do on January 3rd, consider signing up to volunteer in this fantastic event that will take place in the Kern Center!

  • Great opportunity to practice your language skills and make university connections!
  • Lunch and t-shirt provided!

Follow link below to sign up today!!!!

A Call for Volunteers


FIRST Tech Challenge (FTC) is an international head to head robotics competition. Small teams of high school students design, build, program and test a Tetrix-based or Matrix-based robot controlled with one of 2 programming languages: RobotC or Labview. Most importantly, students acquire skills such as problem solving, project management, community involvement, critical thinking and teamwork: skills necessary to their future and the future of society.


FIRST is successful because of the wonderful volunteers at these events. We could not provide this experience for these students without the dedication from amazing people like you. We are ALWAYS looking for new volunteers to get involved.

We need two types of volunteers: specialty/technical roles (such as judges, referees, inspectors, scorekeepers) that require training or prior experience, as well as general roles that do not. We are seeking adult volunteers for both types of positions and can also utilize high school students for many of the general roles.


Tournament Details Saturday, January 3, 2014 FTC Qualifying Tournament

MSOE’s Kern Center

1245 North Broadway

Milwaukee, WI 53202

7:30 am - 6:00pm


If you are interested, click HERE to sign up. Be sure to select the “Milwaukee Qualifying Tournament” for FTC when selecting an event to volunteer for.

Please, see attached volunteer Guide below.


Or for more information call Shawn Hunter at: (262)441-0302 or email: patronumbots@gmail.com

We have been extremely blessed to have such a great team of instructors, students and other staff that supports us every day!  We wish all of you a very-merry holiday break, Merry Christmas, Fantastic New Year and many-many blessings in this holiday season.


ESL Department


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Since we are an engineering school, last Friday we put the ESL students to the test to design and construct the most creative gingerbread houses they could think of. Many students were unfamiliar with the concept of gingerbread houses so we were able to share some American traditions with them as well! A huge thanks goes out to Betty Albrecht, Dana Grennier, Mark Anderson and Kelly Flemming for taking time out of their schedules to judge the competition.








                                   The winning gingerbread competition and team below.


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Midnight Breakfast

Tuesday November 18th 11:00 to Midnight


Scrambled Eggs

Tator Tots

Sausage links

Fresh Fruit

  Breakfast Beverage